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Churchill in WWII
By KLAUS LARRES
In 1945 Churchill and his Conservative Party were swept away. Klaus Larres explains why this was as inevitable as Churchill’s comeback six years later.
Tags: Alexander Fleming, Clement Attlee, George Schultz, Iron Curtain Speech, King George VI, Klaus Larres, Mackenzie King, Mikhail Gorbachev, Order of the Garter, Ronald Reagan, Winston S. Churchill,
By JOHN H. MAURER
The Soviets contributed mightily to victory, but their success was owed to Churchill and Roosevelt, who provided crucial aid and kept Japan occupied.
Tags: Battle of Kursk, Daisy Suckley, Franklin Roosevelt, Ivan Maisky, Jan Smuts, John H. Maurer, Joseph Stalin, Vladimir Putin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Winston S. Churchill, Yosuke Matsuoka,
By WARREN F. KIMBALL
Whatever arguments we might make about Ireland in the Second World War, they will help us better to understand the dynamics of today’s relationships between the great powers.
Tags: Averell Harriman, David Gray, Destroyers-for-Bases, Éamon de Valera, Frank Knox, Franklin Roosevelt, John Ramsden, Treaty Ports, Warren F. Kimball, Winston S. Churchill,
By ROBERT LYONS and G.C.B. DODDS
G.C.B Dodds, a private secretary in 1944, recalls Churchill’s energy, fearlessness and pugnacity, and an uncomfortable moment over de Gaulle.
Tags: Anthony Eden, Charles de Gaulle, Dakar Raid, G.C.B. Dodds, John Colville, John Martin, John Peck, Martin Gilbert, Robert Lyons, William Morrisey, Winston S. Churchill,
By ROBERT HENTY
Nora Henty, last survivor from Churchill’s wartime staff, had vivid memories of those “dark days and darker nights” when Britain stood alone.
Tags: Andrew Roberts, Clementine Churchill, David Cameron, Downing Street, Georgina Landemare, Josip Broz Tito, Lord Loyd, Nora Burrows, Robert Henty, Winston S. Churchill,
By THE CHURCHILL PROJECT
“The splitting up of the campaign in the Mediterranean into two operations, neither of which can do anything decisive, is, in my humble and respectful opinion, the first major strategic and political error for which we two have to be responsible.” - Churchill to Roosevelt
By THE CHURCHILL PROJECT
The Hillsdale College Churchill Project is privileged to receive photos and memorabilia that add to our Churchill collection. Laura Crosby of Summerville, South Carolina, sent us the historic photos shown here, from the collection of her parents, Eugene and Kathleen Sloan. They round out our picture of Churchill’s June 1942 visit to America, and his first encounter with U.S. troops at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.
By ANDREW ROBERTS
Late in 1945, Winston Churchill had the splendid and characteristically generous idea of commemorating his 1940-45 Coalition Government—which had only broken up six months previously—by striking a large bronze medallion. In early 1946 he presented one to every member of that government, as well as to others. In all, there were 136 of these magnificent, four-inch diameter objects, each weighing 8.7 ounces. They were cast at Churchill’s own expense by the foremost manufacturer of such things, Spink & Son, a company founded in 1666.
By MACDONALD HASTINGS
From the time he became Prime Minister it was manifest that Churchill’s safety was of paramount importance. So looking after him was regarded as a military operation, called “Operation Elephant,” the elephant being the PM himself.
By RICHARD M. LANGWORTH
Daniel Wybo requested this essay on King Leopold and Churchill’s remarks about the May 1940 Belgian surrender. Mr. Wybo’s interest is through his father, who fought in the battle to defend the canal at Ghent-Terneuzen. Taken prisoner by the Germans, the elder Wybo escaped and became part of the Belgian underground. “My father was always bitter about how our King was treated,” Mr. Wybo writes. “He was distressed by the great lies propagated about his actions.” Churchill, it will be seen, tried to correct the worst of those lies.
By DAVID STAFFORD
It’s not unusual for leaders with powerful egos and passionate views to prefer the company and advice of close and trusted friends over that of professional advisors or experienced experts. This can have positive results, perhaps shaking up a moribund bureaucracy or forcing radical new approaches to issues mired in the mud of conventional thinking. But it can also lead to disillusion or disaster. Fateful Questions, September 1943 to April 1944, volume 19 in Hillsdale’s series of The Churchill Documents, provides many examples of how Churchill’s decision-making was favorably influenced by close advisors.