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David Lloyd George
By JUSTIN D. LYONS
“In my mind’s eye I invest him with the robes of Caesar…. The lives of the great are an inspiration to their posterity.” —Lewis Broad
Tags: Battle of Zela, Birth of Britain, Caesar’s Commentaries, Charles Munro, Cicero, Clement Attlee, David Lloyd George, Emery Reves, Gallic Wars, Gallipoli, H.G. Wells, Harrow School, Home Guard, John Maynard Keynes, Julius Caesar, Justin D. Lyons, Plutarch, T.E. Lawrence, William Ewart Gladstone, Winston S. Churchill,
By JOHN H. MAURER
Historical close calls, during the Spanish flu epidemic of 1918-21, remind us of the role of illness and chance in the fate of nations and their leaders.
Tags: Cary Grayson, David Lloyd George, Eleanor Roosevelt, Frances Stevenson, Franklin Roosevelt, Georges Clemenceau, John H. Maurer, Lucy Mercer, Margaret Lloyd George, Spanish flu pandemic, Thucydides, Versailles Treaty, Vittorio Orlando, Winston S. Churchill, woodrow wilson,
By DAVID STAFFORD
He died in 1965 and Clare followed him five years later. Their relationship has been side-lined or ignored by many biographers more interested in politics than in Churchill’s private life. But the bust made by the “Obstreperous Anarchist” forever stands in the hallway of Chartwell. It is mute testimony to a family friendship that endured through tempestuous times.
Tags: Clare Sheridan, Dardanelles, David Lloyd George, David Stafford, Felix Dzerzhinsky, Freddie Guest, Gallipoli, George Slocombe, Grigory Zinoviev, Ian Hamilton, Independent Labour Party, Kemal Ataturk, Lady Randolph Churchill, Leon Trotsky, Leonie Leslie, Lev Kamenev, Moreton Frewen, Vernon Kell, Vladimir Lenin, William Norman Ewer, William Sheridan, Winston S. Churchill,
By ANTOINE CAPET
Churchill was an early and steady supporter of a Channel Tunnel, which was first proposed in 1751. For most of his life he joined in lively and almost continuous discussion of “a fixed link with the Continent.” Indeed, during the 1924-1929 Conservative government, Churchill was seen as “the leading political advocate of a tunnel.”
Tags: Antoine Capet, Arthur Balfour, Austen Chamberlain, Channel Tunnel Company, Churchill Documents, conscience vote, David Lloyd George, Douglas Haig, Entente Cordiale, European Coal and Steel Community, Free Vote, George Curzon, H.H. Asquith, Herbert Kitchener, Herbert Morrison, Jean Monnet, Joseph Chamberlain, Lord Randolph Churchill, Maurice Hankey, Operation Sea Lion, Prince Louis of Battenberg, Ramsay MacDonald, Samuel Hoare, Sir Henry Wilson, Sir John Fisher, Sir John French, Stanley Baldwin, W.H. Smith, Winston S. Churchill,
By WILLIAM J. SHEPHERD
Stafford’s description of this critical year is masterful. In 1921 the former “bold, bad man” of British national life rose above his reputation as a war-mongering opportunist. The picture is of a reflective and vulnerable man of character, strengthened by every reverse—a man of vision and, to a few observers, “a prime minister in the making.” Really good books about Churchill are scarce these days, and deserve full appreciation. This one belongs on any list of the top twenty specialized studies.
Tags: Balfour Declartion, Cairo Conference, Chaim Weizmann, Clare Sheridan, Clementine Churchill, David Lloyd George, David Stafford, Eddie Marsh, Ernest Cassel, F.E. Smith, Gertrude Bell, Herbert Lionel Vane-Tempest, Iraq, Irish Treaty, Jordan, King Faisal, Lady Randolph Churchill, Marigold Churchill, Max Beaverbrook, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Singapore, T.E. Lawrence, Two-Power Standard, Washington Naval Treaty, Winston S. Churchill,
By MICHAEL RICHARDS
Churchill offers thoughtful ideas on when representative government may be supplemented by a national vote. Above all, he thought the referendum must be rare. Only eleven times in his long career was there a call for a referendum. Only six times did he support it.
Tags: Archibald Sinclair, Arthur Balfour, Charles Coughlan, Clement Attlee, constitutionalism, David Lloyd George, Devolution, F.E. Smith, Free Trade, George Curzon, H.H. Asquith, House of Lords, Irish Home Rule, Irish Treaty, Jan Smuts, Joseph Chamberlain, Kevin Theakston, Parliament Act 1911, referendum, Responsible Government, Rhodesia, Richard M. Langworth, Stanley Baldwin, Tariffs, Ulster, Winston S. Churchill, Women Suffrage,
By RICHARD M. LANGWORTH
No evidence exists that Churchill wished to commit a million Allied troops. The British contingent he envisioned was small, and made up of volunteers. Above all, Churchill wanted decision, not hesitation, which he abhorred all his life.
Tags: Alexander Kolchak, Anton Denikin, Austen Chamberlain, David Lloyd George, Ferdinand Foch, George Curzon, Martin Gilbert, Paris Peace Conference, Sir Henry Wilson, Winston S. Churchill, woodrow wilson,
By CYRIL MAZANSKY
The earliest cigarette cards trace their origins to the Crimean War of 1853-56, when smoking rose to the heights of popularity. Originally, cards were plain stiffeners in the cigarette packs. With advances in printing and lithography, it did not take long for the tobacco companies to recognize the marketing potential of illustrated cards.
Tags: Andrew Roberts, Arthur Tedder, Boer War, Charles de Gaulle, Charles Gordon, Crimean War, Cyril Mazansky, David Lloyd George, Dwight Eisenhower, H.H. Kitchener, Jacky Fisher, John de Robeck, Josef Stalin, Munich Agreement, Potsdam Conference, Teheran Conference, Winston S. Churchill,
By ANDREW ROBERTS
Mannerheim stepped down as Commander-in-Chief in January 1945 and as Regent-President in March 1946, aged 78. No actions were taken against him by the West for having been Hitler’s ally for three years. Winston Churchill, and every other objective observer, recognized that he was the savior of his country. He acted at a time when Finland was intolerably squeezed between the two most evil and violent totalitarian dictatorships in history.
Tags: Anton Deniken, Arthur Balfour, Battle of Thermopylae, David Lloyd George, Finland, George Curzon, Harold Macmillan, Hubert Gough, Karl Gustav Mannerheim, Patrick Donner, Winston S. Churchill, Winter War,
By ANTOINE CAPET
Following previous abstracts, Vale and Scadding now complete their survey of Churchill’s health through his death in 1965. The format of their earlier articles continues. They present the evidence (mainly from diaries and memoirs), offer a chronology based on the official biography, quote press reports, and extensively discuss causal factors. Since technical language is minimal, their articles are readable by non-physicians. The main text is accompanied by vignettes on the relevant people and places.
Tags: Bernard Baruch, Charles Rob, Charles Wilson Lord Moran, David Lloyd George, Dwight Eisenhower, Edwin Scrymgoeur, Harold C. Edwards, Harold Macmillan, Herbert Seddon, J. Allister Vale, James Paterson Ross, John W. Scadding, Roy Howells, Russell Brain, Sir Thomas Dunhill, Winston S. Churchill,
By BRADLEY TOLPPANEN
Of all those appointed to his cabinet in May 1940, Prime Minister Winston Churchill had known Leo Amery the longest—back to when they were schoolboys. Despite the longevity of their relationship, they were never very close. Rather, as Robert Rhodes James wrote, “there was always a deﬁnite restraint, a lack of warmth, a noticeable caution and reserve” between them. Nevertheless, Amery played a notable part in ensuring Churchill’s premiership.
Tags: Anschluss, Appeasement, Balfour Declaration, Bradley Tolppanen, David Lloyd George, Edward Heath, Harold Macmillan, Hitler, Indian Army, Julian Amery, Leopold Amery, Munich Agreement, Neville Chamberlain, Winston S. Churchill,
By GORDON J. BARCLAY
Tanks never appeared at the famous Glasgow riot; troops killed or injured no one, and Churchill’s was a leading voice of moderation among British ministers.
Tags: Alistair Mackenzie, Andrew Bonar Law, David Kirkwood, David Lloyd George, Emmanuel Shinwell, Eric Geddes, George Square, Glasgow, Gordon J. Barclay, Robert Munro, William Robertson, Winston S. Churchill,