David Lloyd George
By CYRIL MAZANSKY
The earliest cigarette cards trace their origins to the Crimean War of 1853-56, when smoking rose to the heights of popularity. Originally, cards were plain stiffeners in the cigarette packs. With advances in printing and lithography, it did not take long for the tobacco companies to recognize the marketing potential of illustrated cards.
Tags: Andrew Roberts, Arthur Tedder, Boer War, Charles de Gaulle, Charles Gordon, Crimean War, Cyril Mazansky, David Lloyd George, Dwight Eisenhower, H.H. Kitchener, Jacky Fisher, John de Robeck, Josef Stalin, Munich Agreement, Potsdam Conference, Teheran Conference, Winston S. Churchill,
By ANDREW ROBERTS
Mannerheim stepped down as Commander-in-Chief in January 1945 and as Regent-President in March 1946, aged 78. No actions were taken against him by the West for having been Hitler’s ally for three years. Winston Churchill, and every other objective observer, recognized that he was the savior of his country. He acted at a time when Finland was intolerably squeezed between the two most evil and violent totalitarian dictatorships in history.
Tags: Anton Deniken, Arthur Balfour, Battle of Thermopylae, David Lloyd George, Finland, George Curzon, Harold Macmillan, Hubert Gough, Karl Gustav Mannerheim, Patrick Donner, Winston S. Churchill, Winter War,
By ANTOINE CAPET
Following previous abstracts, Vale and Scadding now complete their survey of Churchill’s health through his death in 1965. The format of their earlier articles continues. They present the evidence (mainly from diaries and memoirs), offer a chronology based on the official biography, quote press reports, and extensively discuss causal factors. Since technical language is minimal, their articles are readable by non-physicians. The main text is accompanied by vignettes on the relevant people and places.
Tags: Bernard Baruch, Charles Rob, Charles Wilson Lord Moran, David Lloyd George, Dwight Eisenhower, Edwin Scrymgoeur, Harold C. Edwards, Harold Macmillan, Herbert Seddon, J. Allister Vale, James Paterson Ross, John W. Scadding, Roy Howells, Russell Brain, Sir Thomas Dunhill, Winston S. Churchill,
By BRADLEY TOLPPANEN
Of all those appointed to his cabinet in May 1940, Prime Minister Winston Churchill had known Leo Amery the longest—back to when they were schoolboys. Despite the longevity of their relationship, they were never very close. Rather, as Robert Rhodes James wrote, “there was always a deﬁnite restraint, a lack of warmth, a noticeable caution and reserve” between them. Nevertheless, Amery played a notable part in ensuring Churchill’s premiership.
Tags: Anschluss, Appeasement, Balfour Declaration, Bradley Tolppanen, David Lloyd George, Edward Heath, Harold Macmillan, Hitler, Indian Army, Julian Amery, Leopold Amery, Munich Agreement, Neville Chamberlain, Winston S. Churchill,
By GORDON J. BARCLAY
Tanks never appeared at the famous Glasgow riot; troops killed or injured no one, and Churchill’s was a leading voice of moderation among British ministers.
Tags: Alistair Mackenzie, Andrew Bonar Law, David Kirkwood, David Lloyd George, Emmanuel Shinwell, Eric Geddes, George Square, Glasgow, Gordon J. Barclay, Robert Munro, William Robertson, Winston S. Churchill,
By ANDREW ROBERTS
Sharing Churchill’s appreciation of the wisdom of Edmund Burke, Andrew Roberts compares the two great figures, and wonders what they’d make of Brexit.
Tags: "history of the english-speaking peoples", "reflections on the revolution in france", Andrew Roberts, brexit, David Lloyd George, edmund burke, george washington, irish republic, northern ireland, Stanley Baldwin, the new criterion, william pitt the elder, Winston S. Churchill, woodrow wilson,
By CONNOR DANIELS
The Agadir Crisis of 1911 awakened Winston Churchill to the possibility of war with Germany and led to him being appointed to the Admiralty.
Tags: Admiralty, Agadir Crisis, Cameroons, David Lloyd George, Edward Henry, H.H. Asquith, Morocco, Reginald McKenna, Sir Edward Grey, Sir Henry Wilson, The Great War, Winston Churchill, World War I,
By RICHARD M. LANGWORTH
The Liberal Party's enlightened ideas on taxation and liberty were understood by Churchill, Hill writes: but not, unfortunately, by many of his colleagues.
Tags: Andrew MacLaren, Anne-Robert Turgot, Charles Trevelyan, David Lloyd George, Henry Campbell Bannerman, Henry George, Herbert Asquith, John Morley, Malcolm Hill, Minimum Standard, New Deal, Parliament Act 1911, The People’s Rights, Winston S. Churchill,