By ANDREW ROBERTS
Mannerheim stepped down as Commander-in-Chief in January 1945 and as Regent-President in March 1946, aged 78. No actions were taken against him by the West for having been Hitler’s ally for three years. Winston Churchill, and every other objective observer, recognized that he was the savior of his country. He acted at a time when Finland was intolerably squeezed between the two most evil and violent totalitarian dictatorships in history.
Tags: Anton Deniken, Arthur Balfour, Battle of Thermopylae, David Lloyd George, Finland, George Curzon, Harold Macmillan, Hubert Gough, Karl Gustav Mannerheim, Patrick Donner, Winston S. Churchill, Winter War,
By ANTOINE CAPET
Following previous abstracts, Vale and Scadding now complete their survey of Churchill’s health through his death in 1965. The format of their earlier articles continues. They present the evidence (mainly from diaries and memoirs), offer a chronology based on the official biography, quote press reports, and extensively discuss causal factors. Since technical language is minimal, their articles are readable by non-physicians. The main text is accompanied by vignettes on the relevant people and places.
Tags: Bernard Baruch, Charles Rob, Charles Wilson Lord Moran, David Lloyd George, Dwight Eisenhower, Edwin Scrymgoeur, Harold C. Edwards, Harold Macmillan, Herbert Seddon, J. Allister Vale, James Paterson Ross, John W. Scadding, Roy Howells, Russell Brain, Sir Thomas Dunhill, Winston S. Churchill,
By BRADLEY TOLPPANEN
Of all those appointed to his cabinet in May 1940, Prime Minister Winston Churchill had known Leo Amery the longest—back to when they were schoolboys. Despite the longevity of their relationship, they were never very close. Rather, as Robert Rhodes James wrote, “there was always a deﬁnite restraint, a lack of warmth, a noticeable caution and reserve” between them. Nevertheless, Amery played a notable part in ensuring Churchill’s premiership.
Tags: Anschluss, Appeasement, Balfour Declaration, Bradley Tolppanen, David Lloyd George, Edward Heath, Harold Macmillan, Hitler, Indian Army, Julian Amery, Leopold Amery, Munich Agreement, Neville Chamberlain, Winston S. Churchill,
By ANTOINE CAPET
Medical historians find no evidence that Churchill suffered from major depression, but his health was subject to many ailments in his final decade.
Tags: Anthony Eden, Anthony M. Daniels, Anthony Storr, Antoine Capet, Charles Wilson, Clementine Churchill, David Roberts, Emery Reves, Harold Macmillan, Henry "Chips" Channon, J. Allister Vale, Jane Portal, John W. Scadding, Lord Brain, Lord Moran, Mary SOames, R.A. Butler, Winston S. Churchill,