By WILLIAM J. SHEPHERD
Stafford’s description of this critical year is masterful. In 1921 the former “bold, bad man” of British national life rose above his reputation as a war-mongering opportunist. The picture is of a reflective and vulnerable man of character, strengthened by every reverse—a man of vision and, to a few observers, “a prime minister in the making.” Really good books about Churchill are scarce these days, and deserve full appreciation. This one belongs on any list of the top twenty specialized studies.
Tags: Balfour Declartion, Cairo Conference, Chaim Weizmann, Clare Sheridan, Clementine Churchill, David Lloyd George, David Stafford, Eddie Marsh, Ernest Cassel, F.E. Smith, Gertrude Bell, Herbert Lionel Vane-Tempest, Iraq, Irish Treaty, Jordan, King Faisal, Lady Randolph Churchill, Marigold Churchill, Max Beaverbrook, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Singapore, T.E. Lawrence, Two-Power Standard, Washington Naval Treaty, Winston S. Churchill,
By RONALD I. COHEN
We all benefit from Hillsdale’s twenty-three volumes of The Churchill Documents, Robert Rhodes James’s Complete Speeches and the 332 Churchill articles in the Collected Essays. Vital as these contributions are, they do not capture everything Churchill wrote or said. There is far more. The task I set myself, all those years ago, was to find everything else, too. - Ronald Cohen
Tags: Andrew Rae Duncan, Bibliography of the Writings of Sir Winston Churchill, Brendan Bracken, Collected Essays, Complete Speeches, Corona Library, David Kirkwood, Dwight Eisenhower, Earl of Birkenhead, Eddie Marsh, Hazel Lavery, Herbert Haseltine, Jean Hamilton, John Lavery, Josiah Wedgwood, Lord Birdwood, Lord Ismay, Lord Lloyd, Malakand Field Force, Mark Sykes, Marthe McKenna, Paul Maze, Phyllis Moir, Red Clydeside, Ronald I. Cohen, Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart, Sir Philip Vian, Sir Roger Keyes, Sir Tom Bridges, Viscount Rothermere, Walter H. Thompson, Winston S. Churchill,
By MICHAEL RICHARDS
Churchill offers thoughtful ideas on when representative government may be supplemented by a national vote. Above all, he thought the referendum must be rare. Only eleven times in his long career was there a call for a referendum. Only six times did he support it.
Tags: Archibald Sinclair, Arthur Balfour, Charles Coughlan, Clement Attlee, constitutionalism, David Lloyd George, Devolution, F.E. Smith, Free Trade, George Curzon, H.H. Asquith, House of Lords, Irish Home Rule, Irish Treaty, Jan Smuts, Joseph Chamberlain, Kevin Theakston, Parliament Act 1911, referendum, Responsible Government, Rhodesia, Richard M. Langworth, Stanley Baldwin, Tariffs, Ulster, Winston S. Churchill, Women Suffrage,
By RICHARD M. LANGWORTH
Christmas at Chartwell: “No matter how humble the gift, he accepted with surprise and pleasure. ‘For me?’ he'd ask, his eyes lighting up. ‘How very kind!’”
Tags: Anthony Eden, Boer War, Clementine Churchill, Desmond Morton, Earl of Minto, Eddie Marsh, Frederick Lindemann, Jack Churchill, John Spencer-Churchill, King Edward VIII, Lady Diana Cooper, Lady Randolph Churchill, Lord Moyne, Mary SOames, Peregrine Churchill, Ralph Wigram, Redvers Buller, Richard M. Langworth, Sarah Churchill, Winston S. Churchill,
By PAUL ADDISON
Both Churchill and Chamberlain understood that Nazi Germany was a time bomb. But whereas Chamberlain imagined that it could be defused by diplomacy, Churchill believed that it could only be defused by force, or the threat of force. When the diplomacy of appeasement failed Chamberlain was compelled to accept—albeit with the profound reluctance of a man who loathed war—that no other response was possible. In the final analysis the British Empire, which was already in decline, had to be sacrificed so that Britain itself could live.
Tags: F.E. Smith Lord Birkenhead, Hoare-Laval Pact, John Simon, Lord Halifax, Maurice Cowling, Mohandas Gandhi, Munich Agreement, Neville Chamberlain, Paul Addison, Robert Crowcroft, Stanley Baldwin, Winston S. Churchill,
By BRADLEY P. TOLPPANNEN
"I have forfeited a great deal. I have given up an office that I loved, work in which I was deeply interested, and a staff of which any man might be proud. I have given up associations in that work with my colleagues with whom I have maintained for many years the most harmonious relations, not only as colleagues but as friends. I have given up the privilege of serving as lieutenant to a leader whom I still regard with the deepest admiration and affection. I have ruined, perhaps, my political career. But that is a little matter; I have retained something which is to me of great value—I can still walk about the world with my head erect." - Duff Cooper, 1938
Tags: Alfred Duff Cooper, Appeasement, Archibald Wavell, Douglas Haig, Harold Nicolson, J.L. Garvin, Lady Diana Cooper, Leopold Amery, Max Beaverbrook, Max Reinhardt, Munich Pact, Neville Chamberlain, Richard Law, Robert Boothby, Singapore, Talleyrand, The Other Club, Violet Bonham Carter, Walter Elliot, Winston S. Churchill,
By BRADLEY P. TOLPPANEN
Von Heyking offers an interesting scholarly work that places Churchill’s many political friendships within a philosophical grounding.
Tags: Andrew Roberts, Daimonism, Duke of Marlborough, F.E. Smith, Franklin Roosevelt, Lord Beaverbrook, Lord Birkenhead, Max Aitken, Plato, Prince Eugene of Savoy, Roy Jenkins, The Other Club, Wendell Wilkie, William III, Winston S. Churchill,
By BARRY GOUGH
The name of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, commonly known as “Jacky,” was on the lips of everyone who cared about the Royal Navy. Fisher’s resignation in May 1915, at a critical stage of the Dardanelles campaign, had led to Churchill’s removal as First Lord of the Admiralty. That post constituted the political head of naval administration, with a prominent position in Cabinet. It offered unbounded influence in all aspects of war direction. Fisher had been at that time First Sea Lord, the senior naval officer. Churchill brought the famous Admiral out of retirement in October 1914 to put zeal and drive into naval affairs. Fisher arrived at a time of misadventure.
By RON CYNEWULF ROBBINS & RICHARD M. LANGWORTH
There was no more enigmatic figure in Churchill’s life than Brendan Bracken, who cloaked his birth and upbringing with mystery while hinting broadly that he was the great man’s illegitimate son. It is well-authenticated that close friendship, not errant fatherhood, encompassed their relationship. But Churchill, with characteristic impishness, apparently never gave the direct lie to Bracken’s implied claim. This annoyed Churchill’s wife and peeved his son, Randolph, who spoke satirically of “my brother, the bastard.” To quell the noisome rumor Churchill quipped: “I have looked the matter up, but the dates don’t coincide.”